Instructor’s Name: Zhen Qiao Student’s Name: Nhu Duong Section # CHEM 102 - 110 Experiment #6 Date of the experiment: 01/29/2016 Title: KINETICS OF ALCOHOL OXIDATION Drexel University Winter 2016 Introduction: This report concerns the experiment of determining the order of reaction and the kinetic rate constant of alcohol oxidation. This experiment relates to the knowledge of chemical kinetics, the application of Beer’s Law, and other calculations. Chemical kinetics involves the
The objective of this lab was to create a ketone through an oxidation reaction using a using a secondary alcohol and oxidizing agent in order to use that ketone in a reduction reaction with a specific reducing agent to determine the affect of that reducing agent on the diastereoselectivity of the product. In the first part of this experiment, 4-tert-butylcyclohexanol was reacted with NaOCl, an oxidizing agent, and acetic acid to form 4-tert-butylcyclohexanone. In the second part of this experiment
non-activated primary and secondary alcohols. As shown in Table 3, benzyl alcohol and substituted benzyl alcohols are converted to their corresponding aldehydes efficiently. In the case of benzyl alcohol, after 30 min, only benzaldehyde was obtained in 99% yield. In longer reaction times (1h), the obtained products are 97% p-OCH3 benzaldehyde and 3% p-OCH3 benzoic acid. The results show that the substituent’s have no major effect on the oxidation of benzylic alcohols. A good selectivity experimental
will impact the molecular structure of the alcohol, making it either primary (1° ), secondary (2° ), or tertiary (3° ). If the OH is bonded to only one other carbon, it is a primary alcohol (eg. 1-butanol); if bonded to two other carbons, it is a secondary alcohol (eg. 2-butanol); if bonded to three other carbons, it is a tertiary alcohol (eg. 2-methyl-2-propanol). Due to the placement of the hydroxyl functional group in each of the degrees of alcohol, the reactivity of each should be impacted.
An Oxidation-Reduction Scheme Nicolas Gibson Lab Time: Tuesday 11:30 am Abstract: In this experiment, the main objective was to synthesize a ketone from borneol via an oxidation reaction and secondly, to produce a secondary alcohol from camphor via a reduction reaction. Therefore, the hypothesis of this lab is that camphor will be produced in the oxidation reaction and isoborneol will be the product of the reduction reaction because of steric hindrance. For the oxidation step
Hydroxyl group on alcohols relates to their reactivity. This concept was explored by answering the question “Does each alcohol undergo halogenation and controlled oxidation?” . Using three isomers of butanol; the primary 1-butanol, the secondary 2-butanol and the tertiary 2-methyl-2-propanol, also referred to as T-butanol, two experiments were performed to test the capabilities of the alcohols. When mixed with hydrochloric acid in a glass test tube, the primary alcohol and secondary alcohols were expected
the metabolic effects of excessive alcohol consumption and describe the long-term treatment and prognosis of this disease. Ethanol is a small two-carbon molecule, referred to as alcohol (1, 4); it comes from the fermentation of grains such as cane sugar molasses etc. Fermentation is the process by which a substance such as carbohydrates for example, sugars are turned into alcohol by the action of microorganisms such as yeast, that eventually dies as alcohol levels rise during fermentation (1).
Carboxylic acid synthesis, reactions and pharmacological activity Carboxylic acid is organic chemical compound that contain a functional group that is carboxyl group –COOH which is made of hydroxyl group and carbonyl group both attached to the same carbon which is attached to hydrogen atom or alkyl group thus the general formula of the carboxylic acid is R–COOH with R represent alkyl group or a hydrogen atom. Carboxylic acid functional group is partly ionized in solution so it is a weak acid, however
Experiment 3: Oxidation of Borneol to Camphor By: Evan Holley Lab partner: Jeffrey Horton T.A.: Garret CHM2211L-008 07/12/2015 Introduction The overall goal in this lab was to oxidize borneol, a secondary alcohol, into camphor, which is a ketone. For the purposes of oxidation chromic acid was utilized, which was prepared by adding a 1:1 ratio of chromium trioxide to dilute sulfuric acid. The oxidation reaction occurs as a two-step reaction. The first step involves the formation of
Introduction An oxidation reaction is one of the basic reactions in chemistry, this reaction involves the movement of electrons between two different compounds. Oxidation specifically is when a compound loses an electron, in turn the other compound in the reaction would gain the electron thus it is reduced, the whole interaction is called oxidation-reduction reactions. A basic oxidation-reduction reaction would go as shown in figure 1.0 below. This reaction has CO2 being reduced while the H2 is being