CNDV 5301 Assignment 2 Essay

1042 WordsJul 31, 20155 Pages
CNDV 5301: HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT STUDENT NAME: _Erika Francis SECTION NUMBER: C06 ASSIGNMENT #2: The Early Years Activity 2: Attachment and Adoption Question #1: As noted in the reading, Marcovitch et al. (1997) found relatively low rates of secure attachment among children adopted from Romanian orphanages and their adoptive mothers. Specifically, they found that 30% of the adopted children were securely attached, compared to 42% of a comparison sample of biologically related (raised at home) mother−child pairs. [Full reference: Marcovitch, S. G., Gold, A., Washington, J., Wasson, C., Krekewich, K., & Handley-Derry, M. (1997). Determinants of behavioral problems in Romanian children adopted in Ontario. International Journal of…show more content…
It’s safe to say this isn’t always true. Hence the return and passing on of adoptive children. According to Greenogh, Black & Wallace. 1987, attachment theory implies that the formation of a preferred attachment between infant and parent reflects the activity of “experience expectant” neural systems, while the type or quality of attachments a young child forms seems to reflect neural processes that are “experience dependent.” Question #2: The reading also cites a study by Chisholm et al. (1995) that indicated that children who had lived in an orphanage at least 8 months had lower scores on attachment security measures than did children who were adopted before 4 months of age. [Full reference: Chisholm, K., Carter, M., Ames, E. W., & Morison, S. J. (1995). Attachment security and indiscriminately friendly behavior in children adopted from Romanian orphanages. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 283−294.] How might this finding be related to the development of separation anxiety and fear of strangers? As infants develop they learn and experience emotions in a predictable order. Somewhere between birth and 8 months infants are still so new to world that they have no knowledge of what is normal or what could be dangerous. Things that do occur just seem different, and not frightening. As an infant starts to become more developed and familiar with their surroundings and environment they feel safe and comfortable with parents,

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