COPD-Chronic Obstruction Pulmonary Disease: A Case Study

Decent Essays
Week Five: R.Rabitt
COPD- Chronic Obstruction Pulmonary Disease is characterized by airway obstruction, which worsening with expiration. COPD is a progressive disease, and typically gets worse over time; it is an umbrella term to describe a group of diseases such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis and asthma.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 12 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with COPD. Many more may be affected and don’t know they have it. Its generality increases with age. Men are more likely to have the disease, but the death rate for men and women is the same (2014).
One of the biggest causes of COPD is a cigarettes smoking. Habitual smoking can inflame the linings of the airways in the lungs and can make the
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There are two types of pneumothorax: primary spontaneous pneumothorax which is rupture of an air-filled bleb on the surface of the lung because of alveolar pressure and the secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, which is more serious because is associated with, lung disease that cause trapping of gases and destruction of lung tissue. The most common cause of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax is emphysema and it is a life-threatening due to poor compensatory reserves (Grossman & Porth, 2014).
Intervention for COPD is focused on managing underlying conditions. The goal is to improve airway function. Some strategies include using antibiotics to treat infection, diuretics which reduce pressure on the heart and lungs, some bronchodilators to help expanding the airways, as well as corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and last in severe cases use of mechanical ventilation can be efficient and effective to keep oxygenation in an optimal level
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