CU261P/CT261 Understand Mental Health problems
1.1 The main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system are as follows;
Adjustment Disorder- A significantly more difficult adjustment to a life situation than would normally be expected considering the circumstances. For example; Adjustment Disorder with Anxiety and Adjustment Disorder with Mixed Disturbance of Emotions and Conduct.
Anxiety Disorder- Experience of abnormal or inappropriate anxiety without any recognizable stimulus or when the stimulus does not warrant such a reaction. For example; Agoraphobia and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Dissociative Disorder- A disruption in consciousness, memory, identity or perception, when one of…show more content… This was most seen in the first publication in 1952 where there was a diagnosis of Homosexuality as a Sociopathic Personality Disorder which wasn’t removed until the early 70s and what is now called Autistic Spectrum Disorder was originally thought to be a form of childhood Schizophrenia. In America the DSM was published to widespread controversy as it was believed that 67% of the DSM-5 taskforce had direct links to the Pharmaceutical Industry and substantial profits were being pocketed.
1.3 Two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress are Biological/Medical and Behavioural. The first describes psychological problems as resulting from physical causes such as brain injuries and defects and hereditary factors like Down’s syndrome or Cerebral Palsy. The latter describes patterns of behaviour that may have been conditioned from an early developmental age which have arisen from external stressors and the individual’s personality.
1.4 Mental ill health may be indicated through an individual’s emotions, thinking and behaviour, this can present itself in many ways. For example; a person suffering from Bipolar may exhibit extremes of high and low mood coupled with frenetic and despondent behaviour respectively. They would likely have erratic thoughts and speak very fast in a disjointed manner. In periods of mania the