Cafs Summary on Parenting and Caring

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Parenting- the process of raising and nurturing children in a family
Caring- the process of looking after the needs and wellbeing of another person due to their age, illness or disability
Biological parents- the parent who has provided the genetic material, either sperm or an ovum, to create a foetus
Planned- involves a strategic choice on when to parent. There are physical, emotional and economic impacts that result from this decision
Unplanned- may result from poor knowledge about contraception, the fertility cycle or failure with contraception such as a condom tearing
In-vitro fertilisation
• Occurs outside the body
• Drug treatment is used to stimulate the maturation and number of ova
• Egg follicles are
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If the person is from an ATSI background, they must receive counselling about their customs and culture
• Step parents must be married or in a de-facto relationship or a child whose lived with them for 2 years
• Needs to be assurance from governing bodies such as DOCS that all aspects of the wellbeing of the child can be met
Social implications
• Societies changing attitudes have resulted in fewer adoptions, the use of the contraceptive pill and development of birth technologies
Family relationships change, which can be significant as the child ages
• The decision to tell a child they are adopted may be distressing
• May cause different emotions for adopted child as they have the right to know their origins
• The child must overcome feelings of being rejected by birth parents. May impact on sense of identity and self esteem
• No knowledge of child’s medical history which can cause problems in diagnosing illness or most appropriate medical treatment
• Family and community acceptance, example if the child looks different to parents the adoptive relationship is apparent
• Child should have the opportunity to maintain cultural heritage
• Acceptance of adoptive child if parents have biological children
Step-parenting- when a man or woman marries or forms a de-facto relationship with a partner who has a child or children from a previous relationship
Legal implications
• A step parent has no legal responsibilities
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