California Essay examples

629 Words May 29th, 2013 3 Pages
ENVS 331 SPRING 2013 FINAL EXAM STUDY QUESTIONS

1. In basic terms, what is the difference between imperialism of the “traditional” European variety and the “neo-imperialism” practiced by the US during the 20th century?
2. How did World War II contribute to the end of European imperialism (consider the phenomenon of “imperial overstretch,” which you should be able to define)—and enable the expansion of US influence overseas? (Consider the impact of World War II on the European imperialist economies; the impact of World War II on the US economy and its military power. )
3. What basic economic problem in the newly independent post-colonial countries was foreign assisted development intended to address? (Hint: savings.)
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Give an example. In class we explained that some NTBs are simply ploys to protect domestic producers from legitimate competition. On the other hand, certain types of NTBs (such as standards that specify how a certain product must be produced) are defended by environmentalists and social justice advocates. Why? Give an example.
8. Explain how the policymaking power is distributed among the countries that belong to the World Bank and IMF.
9. Review Klein, Chapters 2 and 3. She explains the influence of US economists, especially Milton Friedman, in designing development strategies, and of the US in installing or supporting governments that would carry them out in several countries that had been pursuing a ‘middle’ development path of ‘regulated’ capitalism in which the state played a large role in supporting social welfare and the development of local businesses. You can expect test questions on this material, including the role of the US in ‘regime change’ in these countries, the role of US-trained economists afterward, and the path that these countries were supposed to pursue.
10. NAFTA is a ‘prototype’ of new generation ‘trade’ agreements, which address investor rights to challenge government regulations. The Sierra Club’s 2009 article on the environmental consequences of NAFTA gives an excellent summary of the criticisms of NAFTA, including those pertaining to the investor rights provisions of the treaty, at
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