Call of the wild

2057 WordsNov 10, 20139 Pages
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: A Problem of Nature in The Call of the Wild by Gary Snyder The poem Call of the Wild by Gary Snyder represents an ecological view on relationship between nature and Western civilization, as well as on peace and war. The image of the West in this poem is characterized by repression, ignorance, and violence. It ruins both wild nature with its forests and animals, and civilized human 'nature'. Thus, the term nature itself appears to be problematic. I argue that Snyder is not a simple 'back-to-nature' poet who summons people to leave the cities and dissolve themselves in the dark woods. The Call of the Wild represents a number of ecological miscronarratives rather than one single ideologically charged…show more content…
But bread is as well processed with human hands. The opposition is not relevant, because the term 'natural' is an artificial and problematic concept. Respectively, the confrontation between civilization and culture is also artificial. Although we may find a propaganda of vegetarian diet and a healthy way of life in Snyder's poems, he himself is not a vegetarian and not a Luddite (Weinberger). Snyder does not seem to divide his world view in dual categories, being aware these oppositions are artificial, but rather clings to a holistic position. The opposition between nature and civilization assumes that we operate with metanarratives. The metanarrative of innocent, unspoiled, and pure nature was developed by Rousseau and supported by the Beat Generation. In the postmodern society, the faith in metanarratives is lost. People no longer believe in great narrative structures that assume there is strict ideological system. However, does Snyder's The Call of the Wild represent metanarratives? Does this poem operate with simple binary oppositions? Todd Ensign suggests it does not. He argues that Gary Snyder differs from those environmentalists who still believe in an utopian metanarrative of a 'natural' and 'wild' society liberated from oppressive practices. “Snyder rejects the binary opposition of wilderness and civilization in favor of a multitude of perspectives“; “he celebrates micronarratives of ancient

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