Campylobacter Jejuni Essay

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Campylobacter Jejuni is the most common type of food poisoning in the world that is widely distributed among domestic animals. Most Campylobacter cells are curved, S-shaped, or spiral rods that are 0.2 to 0.8 µm wide and 0.5 to 5 µm long. They are non-spore forming and gram negative. They are typically motile with a characteristic corkscrew-like motion by means of “a single polar unsheathed flagellum at one or both ends of the cell” [2]. Cells grow well under microaerophil condition and “have a respiratory and chemoorganotropic type of metabolism” [4]. The optimum atmosphere for C. Jejuni is 85% N2, 10% CO2, and 5% O2 with temperature 30ºC to 37ºC. The natural habitat for Campylobacter is the intestine of birds and warm-blooded animals…show more content…
At least 80 cases of Campylobacter Jejuni infection were linked to raw milk from Your Family Cow Farm. About 9 people who drank its dairy product were hospitalized. Lab tests by the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene found the outbreak strain of Campylobacter in raw milk collected from customers’ homes. The main cause of the contamination was not clearly defined as sources can possibly come from every aspect of the farm. Illness onset dates for the outbreak range from January 17 to February 1. Therefore, consumers were continuously advised by the health department to discard any milk from the Family Cow dairy purchased since January 1 [6].
The Your Family Cow dairy, in conjugation with Pennsylvania Department of Health, sent some samples of raw milk that were produced during the week of outbreak be pathogen tested. However, there was no any single pathogen found in the samples, including Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Ecoli 0157:H7. Even though their pathogen test didn’t show any sign of contamination, the farm had decided to voluntarily stop their raw milk sale for a moment. After passing a health inspection, on February 6 the farm was allowed to continue production [10]. The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture will continue to monitor Family Cow’s raw milk. They also keep suggesting people to avoid raw milk even it’s legal to drink
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