Can Schizophrenia Patients Be A Normal?

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Can Schizophrenia Patients be Neuropsychologically Normal?

Schizophrenia is a disabling and chronic mental illness that typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood, and for most sufferers, the disorder continues throughout their lifetime (Australian Psychological Society, 2014). There are five different subtypes of schizophrenia, namely paranoid, disorganised, catatonic, residual, and schizoaffective disorder.

This illness is characterised by positive symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations and thought disorder; negative symptoms, such as abnormal social behaviours; and cognitive difficulties, such as poorer attention and working memory. These manifestations clearly make it a challenge for schizophrenics to live a normal life and earn a living for themselves (National Institute of Mental Health, n.d.).

According to Wilk et al. (2005), cognitive impairment is thought to be a central feature of schizophrenia. It spans across a number of separate cognitive domains, such as attention, working memory, executive functions and verbal fluency (Reichenberg, 2010). This notion is also supported in another study done by Bowie and Harvey (2006), which suggests that as a result of schizophrenia being associated across discrete domains of cognitive impairment, it has led some to gather that it is a disease “with a global profile of neuropsychological impairment”.

For this reason, it is evident that there is no distinct and apparent neuropsychological hallmark of

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