Canada's First Past The Post ( Fptp ) System

2019 Words Apr 10th, 2015 9 Pages
Section 3 of the Charter grants all Canadian citizens the right to fair and free elections, allowing them to select a legitimate Member of Parliament (MP) to make decisions and fairly represents them. Canada 's First-past-the-post (FPTP) system provides a simple and effective way to do this, allowing for the creation of a stable, efficient government. Although the First-past-the-post (FPTP) system has served Canada well for numerous years, many flaws exist within it, and have created pressing problems for Canadian representative democracy. Instances, such as the Conservative Party winning majority with 39.6% of the votes , reveal that this system does not accurately reflect the voter preference, but instead can distort it. The outcome between the votes cast and the seats assigned is disproportional, usually over-representing the leading party and penalizing minority parties. This is further exacerbated in a case like the Green Party and the Bloc Quebecois, where the concentration of party support led to misrepresentation in seats. In addition, under-representation also exists in relation to gender and ethnicity. The FPTP system favors broadly acceptable parties and candidates, thus excluding minority parties and women from parliament. Although benefits of the FPTP system exist, the shortcomings lead to problematic, distorted representation, citizen dissatisfaction and decreasing voter turnout, and the undermining of national unity. It is undeniable that voters are crucial…
Open Document