Canada's National Health System

611 WordsJan 31, 20182 Pages
Canada Historical factors play a fundamental role in the evolution of a nation’s health system. (Starr P., 1982) The healthcare in Canada on 18th century was based in independent physicians who provided services at the patient’s homes. Hospitals were associated with the poor and were avoided due to the lack of care provided. Although the government’s role in healthcare through the 19th century was limited, the first hospital established in Quebec in the year 1639. Furthermore, the first medical schools were opened in the 1820s (Warren P., 2008). The nation’s growth created a simultaneous growth in the hospital setting. After the opening of the Montreal General Hospital on 1819, the education of the physicians and the patient care began to shift to the hospitals. (Bernier J, 2003). After the First World War and the occurrence of the infectious pandemics, the federal government created the national hygiene grants program to fund the efforts for coordinated public health. The first school of public health was opened in 1920. (Bernier J, 2003). It is worth mentioned that Frederick Banting and J.J.R. Macleod of the University of Toronto won the Nobel Prize in 1923 for discovering insulin. (The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1923) The economic downturn around 1930 created the need of change and embraced the ideas of a public health system and an active role of government. After the World War II, Hospital Services Plan was implemented. The program provided
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