Cadmium is dangerous because it can cause kidney failure. It travels in the blood toward the liver where it shares bonds with proteins. It then travels to the kidneys where it can gather.
Society struggled defending against diseases because they have been the causing the spread microbes without being aware of it . As time proceeds, communities develop ways to hinder the continuation of epidemics. Throughout multiple sources, such as the periodic table of elements, articles based on the industrial revolution, and research for a chemical information sheet from a website, it is clear that humans contribute to the spread of disease through contaminated water, a breeding ground of pathogens, and the negative impact of the element copper. Society confronts the disease through the practice of sanitation that diminishes death rates during surgeries and discovering the positive impact of the element copper.
The main message of this letter is to inform you about the risks of cyanide and a destruction it can cause not only to human but also to the environment and many living organisms. I am sure that you are aware about how cyanide takes place in the human body and breathed out in very low concentrations with each breathe. Cyanide is extremely toxic to humans even in very small quantities, with a teaspoon of 2% cyanide solution can cause death. Gold mining is a very hard and dangerous work. Millions of gold miners earn low wages or are utilized by dishonest middlemen. Dangerous working conditions can cause illness, injury, or even death. The highest risk for the estimated 600,000 children who work as gold miners. In humans, health problems may occur such as asthma, emphysema, thyroid and diabetes in children.
For children working in the gold mining industry in Western Africa, they are among the worst forms of child labor because of the long-term health consequences from constant exposure to dust, toxic chemicals, and heavy manual labor. A PBS news article states, “ The list of documented ills for child labor in Western Africa includes permanent lung damage caused by inhaling pulverized minerals, muscular and skeletal injuries, hearing loss, accidental blinding, and mercury poisoning with its attendant neurological damage (PBS News). In western Africa while the children are at their work base there’s a possibility of catching permanent lung cancer from inhaling in pulverized minerals. Children health can’t be ignored any longer than it already has been. The next major problem is the physical and psychological effects the children have.
A fifteen year old boy abruptly became ill; he experienced fatigue, headaches, tingling limbs, weakness, and weight loss. The only information provided stated that he had been using an acne cream prescribed by a dermatologist as well as an over the counter “beauty cream” to deal with skin irritation. The doctors could not find the reason for the boy’s illness, but interestingly a heavy metal was found in the boy’s urine. What could possibly be the heavy metal and could it have caused such a severe reaction? The objective was to find the cause behind the sudden sickness of this 15 year old boy.
Likewise, extracellular zinc can have drastic effects on invading microbes. Zinc is the second most abundant transition metal within vertebrate hosts, and has been suggested to interact with up to 10% of host proteins and is crucial for proper immune function (Andreini et al., 2006; Wintergerst et al., 2006). In Streptococcus pneumoniae, it has been suggested that extracellular zinc may outcompete manganese for uptake via the cell-surface lipoprotein Psa (Eijkelkamp,
In a study done by Richard Deth et, al. in 2007, stated that plasma levels in sulphur metabolism pathways are abnormal in autistic patients, and that heavy metals can also increase microglia-based neuroinflammation, both increasing oxidative stress of neurons. This study also makes a strong case for various genetic factors that put patients in a high-risk group for the effects of exposure.
From this it is easy to say that women should not be required to take zinc supplements even if they are zinc deficient. Although there should be a strong recommendation to take zinc supplements if you are zinc deficient because 0 out of 7 studies showed a negative effect.
Copper is a key mineral in many different body systems. It is central to building strong tissue, maintaining blood volume, and producing energy in your cells. Yet, for all its critical importance, you don't have much copper in your body. In the foods we commonly eat, there are only very small amounts of copper. As much as any dietary mineral, the amount of copper you eat is directly related to the amounts of minimally processed plant foods you get every day. Copper is required to manufacture collagen, a major structural protein in the body. When copper deficiency becomes severe, tissue integrity—particularly bones and blood vessels—can begin to break down. The DRI report also established a Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) of 10 mg per day
A p value < 100 g/L, 28.8% of the subjects had anemia. The prevalence of IDA ranged from 0%-3.4%. Decreased serum zinc ranged from 44.8%-63.1%. After 6 months of supplementation with iron alone or iron plus zinc, hgb levels rose.
An immune response is the body’s way to fight off foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria, and Zinc aids in this by boosting immunity in T and B cell differentiation (helper T cells and B cells antibodies) and cell division for growth and repair (thicker skin). By blocking viruses and supporting immune function, Zinc reduces susceptibility to and the severity of diseases and infections like the common cold. Zinc is taken in oral forms in zinc lozenges to reduce the severity of a cold and prevent recurrences. This vital mineral functions as an antioxidant, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory. Those who have deficiencies face insufficiencies of immunity and immune function and prone to infection and disease. Zinc deficiencies affect helper T cells, decreasing gene expression of cytokines in white blood cells and causing receptors to not activate (Prasad, 2008). Additionally, zinc plays a role in the regulation of decreased activation of genes in cancer cells (promyelocytic leukemia) and other tumor cells. In supplementation, these antioxidant properties lower oxidative stress and minimize inflammatory cytokines. Like with other vitamins and minerals, zinc deficiencies are on a continuum of severe to mild to optimal levels within which cell-mediated immune dysfunction can occur in moderate or severe cases. In deficiencies, there are declines in NK cells (natural killers) neutrophils and interleukin-2, which is a protein responsible for the production of white blood cells or leukocytes (cells in the immune system). Other cells, like cytokines, macrophages, and lymphocytes (T and B cells), are affected, as well as the body's ability to prevent free radical damage. The major implications of zinc deficiency are that they can lead to parasitic, viral, and bacterial infections from immune dysfunctions and ultimately
Zinc - Zinc has been found culpable in inhibiting the inflammatory response thus it is being investigated as a possible treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Based on a double-blind study, 24 patients were given supplementation of zinc and their symptoms are reduced significantly. However, there are also several studies that zinc doesn’t provide any significant improvement. The possible explanation for this is zinc supplementation is effective for only mild and moderately severe rheumatoid arthritis.