Candide by François-Marie Arouet

979 Words Jun 21st, 2018 4 Pages
An enlightenment philosopher François-Marie Arouet, commonly known as Voltaire, wrote Candide. Voltaire “was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state (Wikipedia).” He was born November 21st 1694 into an upper-middle class family. Voltaire started showing an interest in writing at a young age. Candide was published in 1579. It was a French Satire. A satire is “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues (Oxford …show more content…
When they arrive in Constantinople, they see Cunégonde, who is now ugly, and the old woman. Yet again, Candide frees them using his money. When Candide lays eyes on the now ugly Cunégonde, he at first does not want to go ahead with marrying her. He then realizes that it is not about what she looks like. It was his true unconditional love that got him to find her. He puts her ugliness aside, and proceeds with marrying her.
They all make there way to a farm and decide that it would be best to stay there. There time at the farm is not how they would have wanted things to be. They philosophize a great deal, and are very inactive. Candide says, “We must cultivate our own garden (Voltaire, p. 88).” They decide to tend their own garden. Each and every one of them exercised their own talents in the garden and together they change from philosophizing to activity, which gives them some relief and happiness. Pangloss points out that this garden is like the Garden of Eden. He says, “For when man was placed in the Garden of Eden, he was placed there ut operaretur eum – that he might work – which proves that man was not born to rest (Voltaire, p. 88).” This garden is an important symbol in the book. Not only does it provide them with relaxation and takes their mind off things, but it also “reflects a change of character and a new start for Candid (Shmoop).” This garden reflects the thought that happiness cannot be found in
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