Candide by Voltaire and Essay on Man by Alexander Pope

578 WordsFeb 17, 20182 Pages
In the book Candide, by Voltaire and in the “Essay On Man” by Alexander Pope, both authors write about similar ideas. However, they also have some drastic differences, such as Voltaire's sarcastic over exaggeration of ideas that oppose his to make a point. Both Voltaire and Pope make conflicting arguments for a general ideology but Voltaire depicts in opinion much stronger. In the Essay on Man, Pope brings up many theories about the universe, Earth, and The Great Chain of Being. One of the most significant ideas he brings up is the idea that “All partial evil, (is) universal good”(293). What Pope is trying to say here is that perhaps the suffering of a few benefits everyone in the long run. However, the true meaning of this quote isn't extremely clear to the eye from the reading, and leaves the reader's mind open. Another one of Pope's ideas is the great chain of being, and everything's position on it. He believes it is a law of the world and that breaking it would be nearly impossible. He states that: “Men would be angels, angels would be gods. Aspiring to be gods, if angels fell, Aspiring to be angels, men rebel: And who but wishes to invert the laws Of order, sins against the Eternal Cause”(125-130). Pope is essentially saying that if anyone breaks, or tries to break the great chain of being, they are committing a sin against the “Eternal Cause”, or the cause of God. Also, he is saying that all parts of the chain are necessary. If angels didn’t exist, men would try to
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