1. What is “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology”?
Pangloss teaches metaphysico-theologo-cosmolonigology. Pangloss states that the world is the best of all possible worlds in which all is well and all is for the best. Voltaire writes “He could prove that there is no effect without a cause; and, that in this best of all possible worlds, the Baron’s castle was the most magnificent of all castles, and My Lady the best of all possible baronesses.”
Voltaire is using satire of his made up profession. By making Pangloss teach
Candide this made up profession of “metaphysico-theologo-cosmolonigology”
Pangloss is not teaching Candide anything useful. The word metaphysico-theologo-cosmolonigology sounds super complex but in reality it is
meaningless…show more content…
Military Leaders: When they punish Candide even when he is being called a
“prodigy”, military leaders, in hopes of bring out the best in the soldiers, actually damage them.
Catholics: The most disturbing to Catholics would probably be the two women in a relationship with the monkeys, on page 38. This is a direct violation of
Leviticus 22, and they probably wouldn’t get the satire, instead take the text literally and interpret the natives in Latin America to be sinful.
Protestants: The auto-da-fé on pages 13, because it is essentially radical Catholics burning people at the stake.
Aristocrats: The dinner with the six kings, on pages 73-76, as it shows them that all power can be taken away
7. What is Voltaire attitude’s towards religion? Consider passages that illustrate the behavior of religious figures and religious institutions.
Voltaire sees religion as mostly corrupting, witht eh perfect example being that of El Dorado, where the ‘perfect society’ doesn’t believe in any religion.
All the characters that have religious affiliations except James the Anabaptist persecute people who are indifferent towards their religion. For example, the orator refused to serve food to Candide because he was indifferent towards
Christianity. The orator’s wife also saw Candide and poured a bucket of….. on him. The ellipses means something really nasty like human feces
8. What is the role of sex in the story?