Essay about Cannibalism

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Cannibalism is the consumption of human flesh by other human beings. The concept of people eating other people is highly debatable, but it has been proven to occur throughout history. The word “cannibalism” comes from the Carib Indians of the West Indies, which were called “Caribales" or “Canibales” (Spier 543). The Spanish word “canibales” translates to thirsty and cruel in English. Another known term for cannibalism is the Latin form “anthropophagy” (Bell). Anthropophagy derives from the Greek words “anthropos” meaning man and “phagein” meaning eat. The term anthropophagy was used in ancient times, which suggests that people from ancient times consumed other human beings (Spier 543).
The first documented encounter of cannibalism
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After half of the travelers had died, the remaining people started to eat the flesh of the deceased in attempts of survival. Forty-six survivors were eventually rescued, but they received excessive judgement for their actions. They were tried for their crimes of cannibalism, and they all served six months in prison before they could return to their communities (Bell).
Another case of survival cannibalism took place in 1972 when a group of South American rugby players were stranded in the Andes Mountains. Forty-five people left on an airplane for their destination of Chile, and only sixteen would make it alive. Their plane crashed into the Andes Mountains, killing thirteen people from the crash itself. The crash also injured many others who would eventually die over the weeks from their injuries. The mountains offered no supplies or food for support. With no food, many of the crash survivors resorted to eating the deceased. Those survivors who refused to eat their fellow people died of starvation. This group of people spent seventy days in the mountains before the sixteen survivors were rescued and brought home (Bell). The story of these South American athletes would be the plot for the movie “Alive” (1993) which was based on a true story (Goldman).
Another form of cannibalism that has taken place is spiritual and ritual cannibalism. There are many forms of it worldwide. The first is exocannibalism which is when a group or
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