Richard Fairbank and Nigel Morris, both diligent entrepreneurs, started laying the bricks for their eventual successful company, Capital One, in the late 1980’s. They both worked in the Virginia-based “Signet Bank”. Fairbank started noticing trends in the financial industry that he felt Signet was missing out on. These opportunities were in the credit card industry. He, as well as all of Signet Bank knew that the credit card industry was very risky, but Fairbank was ready to take a chance in this, what can be, highly profitable field.
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Capital One is a banking company that is focused on credit cards and consumer loans. The company also has some minor international operations in Canada and the UK, primarily in the credit card business. The company breaks down its business as follows. Credit cards are the major source of income, accounting for $10.4 billion in revenue, or 64% of the total revenue for the company. Consumer banking accounts for 31% of the revenue, commercial banking a further 10% of the revenue, and the company has negative revenue on "other" businesses. The credit card business is the most profitable, generating $2.277 billion in profit, or 70% of the company's total net income. Consumer banking accounted for 25% of total net income, while commercial banking accounted for 16% of total net income.
For the threat of new entrants, the financial market in United States is fiercely competitive. The threat of new entrants is not serious for some companies that have been famous for a long time. Capita One continued to seek technological innovation and adopt the diversification strategy, they stick to running business including credit cards, auto loans, family loans, savings, personal credit, insurance and so on. According to the data on MBAlib website, by the end of 2017, the credit card loan balance of Capital One was 97 billion 100 million dollars, which is the third place in the U.S credit card market. The companies in the first and second is 141 billion 800 million of Morgan and 133 billion 300 million of Citigroup. The revenue of credit card accounts for 62.8% of the total revenue.
Sources of information:Bevan J, Dransfield R, Coupland-Smith H, Goymer J and Richards C – BTEC Level 3 National Business StudentBook 1 (Pearson, 2009) ISBN 9781846906343Bevan J, Goymer J, Richards C and Richards N – BTEC Level 3 National Business Student Book 2(Pearson, 2009) ISBN 9781846906350Coupland-Smith H and Mencattelli C – BTEC Level 3 National Business Teaching Resource Pack(Pearson, 2009) ISBN
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