Capital Punishment And Its Effect On Society

2096 Words Mar 29th, 2015 9 Pages
Throughout history, capital punishment has been practiced in many areas in regards to major crimes. Capital punishment is the execution of a convicted criminal as a punishment for the committed crimes, with methods of execution that include electrocutions, gas chambers, lethal injections, etc. Capital punishment has more recently been taken into moral standards, resulting in more than half of the United Nations’ members abolishing its use. (http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/) However, the death penalty remains legal in 32 states in America to this very day. The Utilitarian ideology supports capital punishment, arguing that it decreases crime and is best for the whole of society. In contrast to Utilitarianism, many people oppose the death penalty due to its intrusive violation of human rights. The overpowering opposition against the death penalty has led to the moral debate on whether or not capital punishment results in the best possible outcome for everyone in society. Comparing and contrasting Utilitarian views and the opposing views on capital punishment displays the lack of moral justification in criminal execution.
Utilitarianism was originated by Jeremy Bentham, but further developed by John Stewart Mill who surpassed Bentham’s notoriety. The goal of Utilitarianism is the promotion of the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. Mill more specifically described the ethical theory of Utilitarianism, “The creed which accepts as the foundation of…
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