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Capital Punishment And The Death Penalty

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Capital punishment, or the death penalty, has been a contentious issue in societies around the world for centuries, and is often considered the ultimate, irreversible punishment. In Canada, the first recorded use of the death penalty dates back to 1759, when Canada still resided as a British colony. Since then, 1,481 people have been sentenced to death in Canada, 710 of which were executed. Capital punishment was abolished in Canada on July 14th, 1976 after bill C-84 was passed by Parliament, supported by a mere 6-vote majority. In much of the United States, however, capital punishment still dominates as the preeminent punishment for severe crimes, having only been outlawed in 19 of the 50 states. Some consider the death penalty to be an adequate consequence of first degree murder. However, there are many moral, psychological, and financial implications associated with capital punishment. For numerous rationale, capital punishment should be abrogated worldwide as it is unethical, ineffectual, monetarily wasteful, and causes superfluous moral distress among justice and prison workers.
According to a 2012 study on homicide rates across the United States, death penalty states averaged a 31.8% higher homicide rate from 1991 to 2011 than non-death penalty states. Similarly, the homicide rate in countries with capital punishment averages 33.9% higher than the homicide rate in countries that have abolished capital punishment. This raises the question: Is the death penalty
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