Capital Punishment Is Deterrence For Crime

1570 Words Dec 30th, 2014 7 Pages
Dating back to ancient times, all the way up until the mid-twentieth century, it was tradition to execute criminals after they had committed a heinous crime on another victim. To this day, capital punishment is a subject undergoing intense study, and is a hot topic of controversy. It is a challenging debate with many different viewpoints. Many people are pro death penalty, while others are quite against it, and there are others with amphibological feelings towards the subject. One of the many different questions that originate when the topic of the death penalty arises is if capital punishment is deterrence for crime. Capital punishment stirs up a fierce debate, but over the years research has proven it is not deterrence, and states without the death penalty have a lower crime rate than states than allow the death penalty. The theory of deterrence is based upon the assumption that individuals measure the costs and rewards associated with their actions, and choose actions that crop the greatest gain at the least cost. Therefore, crime occurs when unlawful actions are seen either as a greater profit or less painful than legal alternatives. The main reasoning behind criminal sanctions is to prevent future crime. Crime deterrence is achieved through providing a system of sanctions that convinces future criminals that crime is not a positive action to make. To achieve the ultimate deterrence, sanctions must be strict enough to outweigh the benefits derived from crime, managed…
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