Capital Punishment Should Not Be Abolished

750 Words Nov 10th, 2010 3 Pages
Capital Punishment Should Not be Abolished

There are many reasons why the United States of America keeps capital punishment. These reasons include the deterrence theory, the idea of retribution, cost of prisons, and general safety of the public.
First of all, I’m sure that you have heard of the deterrence theory. Deterrence is basically the fear of punishment; and even though it doesn’t prevent all crimes, the results are still undeniable. The deterrence theory is when criminals think about the consequences of each crime, they weigh the pros and cons before they commit it, and if the consequence is death, the crime is usually avoided. It has been proven that the death penalty deters crime. In 1997 to 1999, law
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According to the BBC Ethic’s Guide, the basic principles behind retribution are: “All guilty people deserve to be punished”, “Only guilty people deserve to be punished” and “Guilty people deserve to be punished in proportion to the severity of their crime” (BBC Ethics). With the death sentence on killers, the murder victim’s family can have a sense of closure. Keeping criminals in prison also cost a lot to each state. According to statistics from studies by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, prison costs have been rising. In 1986, prisons cost taxpayers at least $10 billion (PEW). Within ten years, in 1996, prisons cost people at least $27 billion (PEW). Finally, in 2005, they cost a minimum of $42 billion (PEW). From the studies, it was discovered that over the next five years, prisons all over the nation would increase almost three times as quickly as resident populations (PEW). By next year, in 2011, prison costs have been predicted to be as high as 55 billion US dollars (PEW). Every year, the cost of a prison inmate is around 22 thousand US dollars (Lowe). That means an individual in prison for 5 years will cost the public more than 100 thousand dollars (Lowe). The cost of a life term is an average 1.5 million US dollars (Lowe). Prisoners are provided with housing, food, medical care, prison safety, transportation etc. and capital punishment includes all of that, but for a shorter period of time. There is no
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