Capital Punishment : The Death Penalty

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According to the definition of Encyclopædia Britannica Online (2016), capital punishment, generally known as death penalty, is the ‘execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense '. In short, it is a legally sanctioned and administered punishment for capital criminals by forfeiture of life. To this date, bounded by four influential international protocols that proclaim the abolition and forbid the reintroduction of death penalty, more than half of the nations in the world has prohibited, or at least limited, either de jure or de facto, the use of the particular punishment for all or simply ordinary crimes (Schabas, 2002; Amnesty International, 2016). The punishment is, however, still being practised in several countries (Amnesty International, 2016). Surprisingly, these include not only the underdeveloped or least developed countries, but also sovereign states with considerably dominant position in international relations that adopt strikingly dissimilar political system, for instance, the United States of America, the People 's Republic of China, the Republic of Singapore, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (ibid.). The death penalty debate, thus, continues to exist until today. The origins of the capital punishment abolition movement can be traced back to the time of William the Conqueror in the 11th century, yet, not only until in the immediate aftermath of the utterly aggressive and destructive armed conflicts of the
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