Capitalism Has Evolved Into Imperialism

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At the turn of 19-20th centuries, capitalism has evolved into imperialism. The world was almost completely divided between the major powers. Uneven economic and socio-political development intensified. States, which entered the path of capitalist development (USA, Germany and Japan) after the others, quickly moved forward and pressed the old capitalist countries - Great Britain and France out of the global markets, aggressively seeking redistribution of colonies. The most acute contradictions have arisen between Germany and Great Britain, whose interests were put into conflict in many areas of the globe, but especially in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, where German imperialism mainly directed its trade and colonial expansion. Serious…show more content…
Since the end of the 19th century Russian-German conflict grew. The expansion of German imperialism in the Middle East, its attempts to establish control over Turkey affected the economic, political and military-strategic interests of Russia. In its customs policy Germany sought to limit by high import duties the import of grain from Russia and at the same time ensure the free access for German industrial goods to the Russian market. Deep contradictions existed between Russia and Austria-Hungary in the Balkans. Their main reason was the expansion of the Habsburg Monarchy, supported by Germany, to the neighboring South Slavic lands - Bosnia, Herzegovina and Serbia to assert its dominance in the Balkans. Russia, supporting the struggle of the peoples of the Balkan countries for freedom and national independence, considered the Balkans as its sphere of influence. Balkans on the eve of the war really turned into one of the most dangerous hotspots of international tension. Austro-German expansion in the Balkans, the desire of Germany to submit Turkey to its influence and affirm its positions in the area of the Black Sea straits sharply aggravated Russian-German conflict; the tsarist government was forced to move away from a policy of maneuvering between the blocks and take the focus on the Anglo-French Entente. In the summer of 1914 it was advantageous to Germany to go to war, because the Russian army and navy were
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