Capitalism and Proletariats

945 WordsJul 11, 20184 Pages
Critiques of social contract theories abound, even including criticisms from social contract theorists themselves, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau. John Locke’s social contract theory remains one of the prominent theories to this day, and includes the idea that a thing owned in common can be obtained by adding one’s labor to it. Critics of social contract theories aren’t simply seeking to negate the theories of social contract theories, but in many cases are seeking to enhance them and show how they can be applied to certain principles. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is one critic of social contract theory, who begins his work with an alternative to foundational state of nature conjectures used by social contract theorists such as…show more content…
…Finally the distinction between capitalist and landowner, between agricultural laborer and industrial worker, disappears and the whole society must divide into the two classes of proprietors and propertyless workers. There are two classes according to Marx; the capitalists and proletariats. The old distinctions that existed under feudalism or previous economic modes are no longer relevant; under capitalism there are only capitalists and proletariats. There exists dialectic, which is the tension between capitalists and proletariats. The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes. When these classes conflict arise, Marx asserts that they will create a new mode of production that will lead to more class conflict that will eventually lead to the abolishment of classes and ultimately result in communism. Marx reaches this conclusion after examining the historical former modes of production, namely slavery and feudalism. According to Marx, tension between the lords and the serfs led to the creation of a new mode of production and the system of capitalism. In time, Marx supposes that tension
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