Carbon : Carbon And Carbon Essay

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Carbon Cycling

AS: 90953
By: Isobel Ryan, 337481

-The Carbon Cycle-

The carbon cycle, according to the Oxford Dictionary is “the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, chiefly involving the incorporation of carbon dioxide into living tissue by photosynthesis and it’s return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels.” However before we understand Carbon Cycling we have to understand the properties of Carbon.

The element Carbon is the base of all life on earth. It is located in the atmosphere, fossil fuels and oceans. The number of carbon atoms on earth does not change, in other words no new carbon atoms are made. The atoms move between the atmosphere and earth, otherwise known as Carbon Cycling. There are three different parts to this cycle; addition, removal and storage.

Addition

Addition is the process in which, carbon is added to the atmosphere in the form of methane and carbon dioxide. There are two different methods of adding carbon to the atmosphere; natural methods and man-made methods.

Respiration and excretion is a natural method of adding carbon to the atmosphere. Organisms exhale carbon dioxide through respiration and it is also excreted as a waste product. So that means that every day the 4 million people in New Zealand are exhaling carbon dioxide that was produced through respiration.

Decay is another natural method of addition of

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