Carbon Is The Fastest Most Abundant Element On Earth

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Introduction: Carbon is the fourth most abundant element on Earth. It has many practical uses in a variety of different areas of science. Due to the wide variety of structures, which all have different properties, there are a variety of uses. Carbon is an element with the most allotropes, next to sulfur. The allotropes greatly differ in structure but are all widely used in modern production. Graphite, diamond and fullerenes are the three allotropes of carbon. Graphite has lubricating properties which makes it useful in pencils. The lubricating property exists due to the six membered rings existing in planes that can easily slide past one another. Graphite is the most thermodynamically stable allotrope at ordinary conditions. In…show more content…
The term graphene should be used only when the reactions, structural relations or other properties of individual layers are discussed.” While graphene has become one of the leading researched materials in electronics it was found that large area graphene does not have as many useful properties as graphene nanoribbons. The nanoribbons are graphene that has a finite width. Background: The discovery of graphene was given credit to the director of the center for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology at the University of Manchester, Andre Geim and his colleague Kostya Novoselev. The paper was published in October 2004 in Science Magazine. The title of the paper was "Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films." The paper has become one of the most cited papers in material physics. Around the time of the discovery, carbon nanotubes was an interesting area of research. Geim was also interested in carbon nanotubes but had an idea about using them in an unfolded configuration. With the idea for the unfolded nanotubes he took a graphite block and polished it. After the block was polished Scotch tape was used to peel the top layer away. After pulling away the tape only flakes of graphite were left on the tape. The process was repeated applying more tape to the
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