Carbon is the Basis for Organic Chemistry

1026 Words Feb 19th, 2018 4 Pages
Its name originates from a Latin word carbo for charcoal. Carbon is a member of group 14 elements on the periodic table and is nonmetallic and tetravalent (make four bonds available to form covalent chemical bonds). It’s the basis for organic chemistry as it occurs in living organisms also it’s the fourth most abundant element in the universe. The allotropes of carbon are diamond, graphite and amorphous carbon.

ALLOTROPES OF CARBON

The existence in the same physical state of two or more structural forms of the same element is known as allotropy. Allotropes of carbon are the ability of carbon to exist in various forms in the same physical state. Carbon can exist in three different allotropic forms. These are diamond, graphite, and amorphous or non crystalline. Diamond and graphite form the crystalline carbon.

DIAMOND

Diamond is the hardest known natural mineral, which makes it a good abrasive. It’s the purest form of naturally occurring carbon. It is found as colorless, lusterless solids, which can be transformed into brilliant gems. It consists of an array of bonded atoms. No discrete molecule can be distinguished. They are rare and found in volcanic rocks. Industrial use of diamond is in cutting, drilling, grinding and polishing. Diamonds are fixed in drill tips or saw, blades or ground to powder for grinding and polishing applications. Diamonds are specially used in laboratories as containment for high…
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