Cardiovascular Disease : A Heart Failure, Arrhythmia And Mitral Valve

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With the increased consumption of fast-food and poor lifestyle choices, we have become an increasingly obese nation. For this reason, diseases such as cardiovascular disease have been on the rise. Cardiovascular disease is the combined term for a number of diseases concerning the heart and the blood vessels. Many of these life threatening diseases are related to a condition called atherosclerosis. The condition creates plaque build-up on the walls of the blood vessels. The plaque effects the flow of blood making it harder and can lead to blood clots which stops the flow of blood altogether. The two main effects to this are heart attacks and strokes however, other types of cardiovascular disease includes complete heart failure, arrhythmia…show more content…
Mortality As mentioned before cardiovascular disease contributes to 42,603 deaths in 2013 and is the main cause of death in Australia. Many nations along with Australia agreed to create sets of goals to lower the fatalities caused by non-communicable diseases. This includes diseases such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Despite efforts by the Australian government, cardiovascular disease still kills one Australian every twelve minutes. The reasoning on why the disease isn’t lowering in mortalities is from our increasing levels of poor lifestyle choices in both children and adults. Without any plans by the government to correctly present good lifestyle choices to the older population, the risk levels will only continue to rise higher and higher. Morbidity Linking in with mortality, “morbidity is the term used to describe how often as disease occurs in a specific area or is a term used to describe a focus on death” (yourdictionary). For younger people aged 2 years and older in Australia, 5% were reported living with heart, stroke or/and vascular diseases. However people aged 85 and older have a 40% chance of having cardiovascular disease or two in every five people. When comparing the morbidity through the genders, males from the ages 30-64 experience three to four more heart attacks than women in the last five years. And a shockingly, twice as

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