Cardiovascular Disease ( Cvd ), High Blood Pressure, Congestive Heart Failure

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This literature review will cover 20 different articles and journals pertaining to cardiovascular disease (CVD), high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, hypertension and other coronary heart disease among the Muslim community. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the decreasing of blood flow due to condensing and toughening of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscles. A recent study found that every 33 seconds, there are death from CVD in the United States (ARA, 2004). The main problems associated with CVD among Muslim American adult men population in the Southeast Bronx are diet issues, high blood pressure, lack of enough information about CVD, lack of physical activities, and “halal” (not prohibited in Islam) medications. To date no research has been conducted on this population with regards to cardiovascular diseases. The population is increasing and healthcare professionals need to become educated on cultural competent approaches for this population. Healthcare professionals need to increase their knowledge about the Islamic religion (Yosef et. al. 2008). Information from the previous studies concerning this population, Muslim Americans is limited. The purpose of this research is to examine CVD risk factors among Muslim American adult men and their perceived risk in the Southeast Bronx. The Muslim world is classified by the WHO as low socioeconomic or underdeveloped or named as Low and Middle Income countries (LMIC). In terms of Muslim men

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