Cardiovascular Health

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Two primary effects of increasing an individual’s fitness level is increasing their cardiovascular health and lowering their chances of developing Diabetes. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for the development of obesity and other cardiovascular disease. Vascular dysfunction is a key event in the development of cardiovascular disease and is associated with a sedentary lifestyle in otherwise healthy adults. In addition, vascular dysfunction may be made worse in sedentary individuals who are obese and insulin resistant. Evidence shows that regular physical exercise has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease and the risk factors that promote peripheral arterial function and overall health. Both aerobic and resistance exercise…show more content…
Over a period of 27 years, the scientists monitored 4,872 young adults aged between 18 and 30, who underwent treadmill exercise testing in the form of two-minute running sessions of increasing difficulty to work their heart and lung capacity. Their findings showed that each additional minute of exercise was linked to a 15% lower risk of dying and a 12% lower risk of cardiovascular disease (Johns Hopkins Medicine,…show more content…
adult population and is associated with a two-to-fourfold increase in cardiovascular morbidity and stroke (Coburn & Malek, 2012). The metabolic syndrome is a combination of metabolic disorders, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance, compensatory hyperinsulinemia and the tendency to develop fat around the abdomen. Individuals with the metabolic syndrome are at high risk for atherosclerosis and, consequently, cardiovascular disease. It has been suggested that people with the metabolic syndrome may benefit from intensive lifestyle modifications including dietary changes and adopting a physically more active lifestyle (Pitsavos, Panagiotakos, Weinem & Stefanadis,
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