Care in Families Essay

1444 Words Apr 9th, 2014 6 Pages
There are a number of factors that contribute and create inequality to the ability and responsibility of care that caregivers’ face. This assignment paper will concentrate on the four main factors, namely; the historical background shaping family formation, gender patterns of provision of care, contemporary living arrangements and lastly state involvement in providing care. The historical background will look at Apartheid and how it has shaped families. With gender it will look at who is most likely to provide the care; mother or father. Contemporary living arrangements will look at the modern forms of living and the state involvement will look at where the government should come in when providing care and where it does come in when …show more content…
So therefore the system of Apartheid had led to men leaving their homes and families for months on end, forcing the women and mothers to take on the extra responsibility of caring and proving for their families.
Taking into consideration that Apartheid had shaped African mothers to be the predominant carer (Moore, E, 2013). Across the world the rise of single mother headed household had tripled from 1972 to 2006 which could be for a number of reasons, namely; divorce, separation, death and choice of unmarried woman to have a child (Marcinos, J, and Plummer, K. 2012). Another explanation for the increasing rates of single mother households as said by Wilson, 1987 in Cohen 2004, based on evidence in the US, women face a shortage of ‘marriage-able’ men, especially when combined with the effects of higher black mortality, imprisonment and chronic unemployment, thus creating the unlikelihood of a black woman finding a man (Cohen, P.2004) and with the shortage of mates it further limits the creation of nuclear families which lead to a lack of financial resources causing the growth of extended family households (Cohen, p. 2004).
Although the fact that woman have started entering the labour force have strengthened their financial stability, however it has implications, as lone-parenthood increases the risk of poverty- especially if the parent is a woman, as it limits the woman’s ability to work and