Career Biography of John Locke Essay

608 Words 3 Pages
English philosopher, who founded the school of empiricism.
Locke was born in the village of Wrington, Somerset, on August 29, 1632. He was educated at the University of Oxford and lectured on Greek, rhetoric, and moral philosophy at Oxford from 1661 to 1664. In 1667 Locke began his association with the English statesman Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, to whom Locke was friend, adviser, and physician. Shaftesbury secured for Locke a series of minor government appointments. In 1669, in one of his official capacities, In 1675, after the liberal Shaftesbury lost is power, Locke went to France. In 1679 he returned to England, but in view of his opposition to the Roman Catholicism favored by the English monarchy at that time, he
…show more content…
Locke also held that all persons are born good, independent, and equal.

Political Theories
In his work Two Treatises of Government, written in 1690, John Locke attacked the theory of divine right of kings and the nature of the state. He also believed in religious freedom and in the separation of church and state. In Two Treatises of Government he argued that the power did and should not exist within the state but within the people. He continued to say that the state is “supreme,” but only if it is bound by what he called “natural” law.
NATURAL LAW: Locke was not the first theorist to come up with natural law, in fact the idea was originated by ancient Greeks'. Similar to Greeks, Locke argued that humans (in the state of nature) are free and equal. He stated that when humans enter society they surrender only the rights that are necessary for their security and for the common good. He believed that each individual has fundamental rights drawn from what is called the “natural law.”
Many of Locke's political ideas, such as natural rights, property rights, the duty of the government to protect those rights, and the rule of the majority, were later incorporated in the U.S. Constitution. Also, his natural-rights theory provided a philosophical basis for both the American and French revolutions.
Locke further preached that revolution was not only a right but often an obligation.

More about Career Biography of John Locke Essay

Open Document