Career Counseling Over the Lifespan Essay

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Abstract
Career counseling over the lifespan has more than an occupational focus, it deals with the person’s entire being with a vision that includes one’s lifespan. Career counseling takes into consideration character development, character skills, life roles, individual life and work history, goals, and obstacles. A career counselor not only assists a client with a career plan, but also with a life plan. This paper focuses on two categories of career counseling. The first focus is the history of career counseling as a field of study with the emphasis on when and why career counseling began (1800s as a study of how the shape of one’s head relates to vocational choice), who and what influenced it (Sizer, Parsons, and Davis), and how
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This has progressed to an approach that deals with career development throughout a lifespan (Pope, 2000). Theories and assessments have developed that look at the many variables of work, personality, interests, and needs (Whiston, 2003). The study has broadened with the use of technology and has been challenged by the many considerations of multiculturalism (Lewis & Coursol, 2007; Whiston, 2003). A creative God who modeled work and rest created man and his relationship with work. Career counseling provides an opportunity to cultivate the relationship of God and man, assists with the discovery of one’s callings and talents, and enables one to fulfill God’s plans for his or her life.
The History and Development of Career Counseling
Pope (2000) describes how social reform, economic change, and federal legislation were significant factors in the evolution of career counseling. The development of career counseling began as a social movement linked to economic changes. In the early 1900s, young people were leaving the family farms and moving to cities to find employment. With this new growth and few regulations of labor, laborers were exploited and misused. In the first decade of the twentieth century, one-half million children from 10-13 years of age were employed in factories (Pope, 2000). The end of World War I and the Depression influenced the beginning of educational guidance in the public school system.
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