Career Development Interventions And Individuals With Serious Mental Illness Essay

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Career Development Interventions and Individuals with Serious Mental Illness
During the past few decades as individuals with SMI have transitioned from institutions into communities, several types of vocational services have been implemented to help these individuals obtain and maintain competitive employment (Kirsh, Krupa, Cockburn, & Gewurtz, 2006). Employment counselling. The goals of employment counselling are to help clients develop a greater awareness of their disability, develop decision making competencies within the context of work, as well as, develop a personal vocational plan that reflects their interests, values and skills (Krupa, 2007; Kirsh et al., 2009). An individual work plan can include exploring barriers to employment, vocational assessment, labour market research, educational research and planning, and work experience placements (Kirsh et al., 2009). A potential issue with employment counselling is the possibility of clients viewing counsellors as experts instead of facilitators, as those with SMI often have limited self-knowledge, unrealistic goals, and inappropriate work behaviours due to their vocational immaturity (Caparoso & Kiselica, 2004). As a result, they may need more assistance relative to clients without mental illness in understanding life roles and making life and vocational decisions (Caparoso & Kiselica, 2004). Transitional employment. Transitional employment is available to individuals with an SMI as a

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