Carl Jung 's Theory Of The Mind Challenged The Existing Dogma

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Carl Gustav Jung II was a psychiatrist whose theories of the mind challenged the existing dogma. His works with human cognition, the basic structure of the psyche, and association experiments are widely known today in the form of the concepts of the introvert and the extrovert, psychological archetypes, and basic tests of word association. Although many basic principles of psychology today are based upon his original discoveries and theories, they were not conceived without external insight. Social, economic, and cultural influences upon Carl Jung greatly affected his lifetime achievements and provided inspiration for many of his theories. Born Carl Gustav Jung II on July 26, 1875, to Emilie Preiswerk and the pastor Paul Jung in Kesswil, Switzerland, he was not without a notable ancestral background. Jung’s paternal grandfather, Dr. Med. Karl Gustav Jung I, an expatriate from Germany who engaged in liberal political agitation, drew fame to himself upon moving to Switzerland when he reformed the University of Basel, established moderate wealth, and participated in local government. (Bair 7-8). Carl Jung’s maternity was no less distinguished in its own right; both of Emilie Preiswerk’s parents were favorably regarded in their own community, though both were intensely superstitious, ascribing mystical causes to their frequent visions, which were peculiar to the Preiswerk family. The hereditary nature of these visions accounts for a set of Jung’s experiences in his youth (Bair

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