Carl Rogers : An American Psychology

894 WordsSep 17, 20144 Pages
Throughout the history of Psychology, Carl Rogers is known as one of the most influential psychologists thanks to his lifetime contributions. His contributions vary from forming a new psychological theory and its consequent practices to writing books and publishing research papers. Carl Rogers (January 8, 1902 - February 4, 1987) was an American psychology. Rogers exposed to religion at a very young age as he was born and bred in a Protestant family. However, Rogers later changed his view on religion when he observed the hostility the French and the German remaining 4 years after World War I. Instead of completing his ministry study at Union Theological Seminary, Rogers therefore enrolled at Columbia University to pursue Clinical…show more content…
Rogers came to believe that all organisms, including human, have an underlying inclination not only to keep up themselves but also to move towards their full potentials. He named this theory "actualizing tendency". According to Rogers, this tendency can be repressed but never to be destroyed, except for the case that the organism is also destroyed. (Rogers, 1977). Similar to how a seed instinctively grows up and moves towards the sun to become as beautiful as possible, so a human develop and strives to reach his highest level of a human being. In that sense, just as a flower can be withered without enough sunlight, water and fertile soil, a human fullest growth can also be threatened if the conditions of the surrounding environment are not in his favor. It is also stated that this tendency only exists in a whole organism. In other words, separated parts of any organism do not hold on to this instinct. Based on the "actualizing tendency", Rogers also formed the "self-actualizing tendency" theory. In the beginning, all infants only strive for survival needs. However, in the processing of development and interaction with the world, an infant experiences itself as a different self from other selves. This eventually leads to the growth of a self-perception - which is the way perceives views itself. In the same way that an organism strives to reach its best as described by "actualizing tendency", the "self-actualizing tendency" in the same manner drives people
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