Carl Rogers

2769 WordsSep 11, 201112 Pages
Carl Rogers There are numerous personality theories one could choose from in pursuit of an explanation on human behavior. Some theories focus on stages of development, complete unconscious control, or the concept that personality is governed by a pre-disposition directly related to genetic tendencies. Carl Rogers, however, focused his theory, the Person-Centered Theory, on the basis that individuals are self-actualizing and learn and develop in response to current circumstances. According to Hergenhahn and Olson (2007), “Rogers postulated one master motive that he called self-actualization, the organism has one basic tendency and striving—to actualize, maintain, and enhance the experiencing organism. Rogers further postulated that…show more content…
For instance, an individual’s reaction to a circumstance could be different at different times, depending on how the individual perceived the specific circumstance. Rogers felt that the best understanding of behavior was one developed by the organism itself. A core basis of Rogers’ developed therapy was that the organism was the best judge of which direction to move in therapy and the organism was best suited to develop solutions to current issues. A key component of Rogers’ therapy was that of directly relating to the patient in an open and direct way. Rogers’ theory outlines personality development in principles, rather than in stages, as many other personality theories outline. According to Rogers, the main concept of development was for an organism to develop a self concept and to progress from undifferentiated to fully differentiated self. Rogers felt that circumstances were either internalized, and affected development as the organism placed merit on the circumstance, or was ignored because the organism placed no value of the circumstance on their own self. According to Rogers, there was one driving force behind development, self-actualization. According to Hergenhahn and Olson (2007), self-actualization can be defined as “the organism has one basic tendency and striving—to actualize, maintain, and enhance the experiencing organism. Rogers further postulated that there is one central source of energy in the human organism;
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