Essay on Carol Ann Duffy and Liz Lochhead Explore Memories

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Compare and contrast how Duffy and Lochhead explore memories

Both Carol Ann Duffy and Liz Lochhead provide an exploration of their childhood memories, and how these memories have changed and developed with age into analysis of social expectations of men and women in the 1960's. In Duffys poem Litany and Lochheads poem 1953, both poets reflect on their childish perceptions of their parents conformity to social convention. Duffy and Lochhead excellently implement a dramatic monologue form to convey their feelings towards their parents conventional roles within the home. In Duffys Litany, the poem is narrated by Duffys younger self who naively recounts women obsessed with social class and identity. The irregularity of the
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Both poets expertly use language to explore their childhood memories and communicate their feelings towards them now as adults. Duffys title 'Litany' is ambiguous, she skilfully leaves allows the reader to provide their own interpretations of the title and its meaning and how it relates to the poem, this allows the reader to connect with the poem on a personal level. Duffys use of negative word functions in the second stanza disclose Duffys own conception towards these women. Duffys reference to their marriages as 'terrible' are a clear indication of her distaste towards the social expectations of women to marry, care for their husbands and children and basically never really fulfill very much in their lives. Duffys imaginative description of the woman's hands as 'sharp' reveal her impression of them as acute and incisive creatures, consumed with a desire to portray the image of the 'model house wife', with very little other ambition. Duffy superbly transmits a tone of pity towards these women as their only real accomplishments will be owning "candlewick bedspread three piece suite display cabinet". Furthermore through her creative use of very descriptive verbs, which greatly appeal to the readers sences, Duffy conveys a tone of distain towards these women. Throughout Litany Duffy creates fantastic images for the reader from her imaginative use of imargery.

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