Case Analysis of Jack and Ally through the Ecological Framework

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The following is a critical analysis of a case study on a three year old boy named Jack. Case documents reveal that Jack expresses behaviours and developmental issues that align with a diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and/or Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Case information outlines details of Jacks infantile behaviours, family dynamics and current developmental issues. The purpose of this critical analysis is to identify and examine multiple risk factors that are present across various levels of Jack’s environment simultaneously. This type of analysis is guided by the ecological-transactional model (Bronfenbrenner, 1989). The ecological-transactional model divides environments by levels named the…show more content…
There are also clear relationships between difficult temperament characteristics and later adverse behavioural developments. Sanson, Hemphill and Smart (2004) demonstrated this association as results revealed a clear link between negative reactivity and externalising behaviour problems as well as inhibition and internalising behaviour problems. To support this, the longitudinal study of Kochanska (1993) found that characteristics of difficult temperament such as nonadaptability, high intensity and persistence which are present in Jack, were probabilistic of development of behavioural disturbances.
Affect dysregulation is assumed due to the description provided of Jack’s extreme reactivity and behaviours such as constant crying as an infant, kicking, screaming and disproportionate reactions in relation to the antecedent event. Affect dysregulation is promoted when a care-giver is unable to help modulate stress and reduce the internal tension and conflict within an infant (Cicchetti et al., 2005). Ally reveals that she often would lock herself in a room to avoid Jack’s constant crying which implies that she did not strive to help modulate Jack’s obvious stress and internal conflict. The development of affect dysregulation is detrimental as it can be accompanied by the development of lesser effective organisation of neurological systems (Cicchetti et al., 2005). The neurological

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