Case Studies On Stroke

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Chapter 3 Review of literature
3. Review of literature

3.1. Introduction

This chapter reviews the literature that forms the foundation for this thesis. Key topics include 1) Stroke and its prevalence, 2) Impairments following stroke, 3) Balance, mobility and gait after stroke, 4) Gait impairment after stroke, 5) Weakness following stroke, 6) strength deficit following stroke, 7) Strength training in stroke population, 8) Post-stroke rehabilitation and role of therapist, 9) outcome measures. This thesis was designed to analyze the efficacy of intensive strength training exercises on balance and mobility in post-stroke populations.

3.2. Stroke

3.2.1. Definition of stroke:

Stroke refers to a cerebro vascular accident which causes CNS infarction. “A CNS infarction is brain, spinal cord, or retinal cell death attributable to ischemia, based on (A) Pathological imaging, or other objective evidence of cerebral, spinal cord or retinal focal ischemic injury in a defined vascular
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Although therapy commonly carried over in the first few months after stroke, but majority of stroke survivors left with lifetime disability due to functional limitations, lack of knowledge on the need and also lack of research. Even though, the basic aim of rehabilitation is focused on functional independence still the survivor’s experiences the functional disability. There is a need for effective and promising interventions for this population over the different stages of rehabilitation (Gordner and Tuel, 2002). While few interventions have been documented to improve functional balance after any form of brain injury, one accepted intervention has been exercise (Mann et al., 1996; Tse and Bailey,
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