Case Study : An Autoimmune Disease

1796 WordsAug 17, 20168 Pages
CASE 26:T1D8 Running head: CASE STUDY 261 Case study 26: Susan Cheng Deadra Black South University Nutrition Allison Koch August 16, 2016 Case 26: Susan Cheng Background: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas stops working and insulin is no longer produced. Diabetics suffer from high blood glucose also known as blood sugar is too high and not being controlled. Blood glucose is the body 's main source of energy. Glucose comes from the food a person eats, the liver and muscles. The blood is used as a transporter to get the glucose to all parts of the body, so it can be used as energy (National Institute of Health, 2014). When diagnosed with diabetes, the body 's immune system destroys the cells that produce insulin, these are called beta cells (American Diabetic Association, 2016). The disease usually affects children and young adults. It is said to have two peak age periods, the first peak ages are 4-7 and the second peak age group is 10-14 (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). Type 1 diabetes can 't be prevented; however, if diagnosed early it can be very well managed. There are some long-term complications such as problems with vision, kidneys, circulatory system which can affect the nerves are common. Diabetes can result in death if left untreated (American Diabetic Association, 2016). There is no surgical procedure that has been passed to cure diabetes. The typical course of treatment includes prescribing insulin and pairing the patient with nurse

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