Case Study : Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Case Study on Chronic Diseases Submitted by: Bhakti Amin ID Number: 4209426 Presented to: Professor Cupac Tanja June 06, 2016 NURS 1495 Nursing Theory Patient’s initials: BV Age: 55, Gender: Male Date of admission: 15/03/2016 Approximate educational level: College Diploma Definition of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) COPD is one of the most common respiratory diseases. It is characterized by airflow limitation that is progressive, not preventable, and not fully reversible. It is usually describes a mixture of…show more content…
In addition COPD caused by occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals, indoor and outdoor air pollution, and antiprotease deficiency (rare inherited disorder) (Huether & McCane, 2012). Risk factors for COPD are second-hand smoke, factors affect lung growth during gestation and childhood, aging (least age 40), airway hyperactivity and alcohol consumption (Stone, Barnes, & Petersen, 2012). Etiology and risk factors of CAD Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CAD. CAD is caused by a focal deposit of cholesterol and lipids in the walls of the coronary arteries. Plaque buildup causes of the arteries to narrow over time, which block the blood flow partially or totally (Huether & McCane, 2012). Risk factors of CAD are conditions or habits that raise a risk of CAD and heart attack. Nonmodifiable risk factors involve age, family history, gender, and ethnicity. Modifiable risk factors involve diabetes mellitus, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, stress, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption, end-stage renal disease, high intake of saturated fat, and high cholesterol level (Huether & McCane, 2012). Disease Progress and Possible Complications COPD Changes associated with chronic bronchitis include hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the bronchial mucous glands, increased goblet cells, ciliary damage, and chronic leukocytic and lymphocytic infiltration of bronchial walls. Widespread inflammation lead to airway narrowing and
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