Background In Mantua Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, privately owned land once stood as one of the most hazardous waste sites in the United States. This site known as the Helen Kramer Landfill included 66-acres of waste, 11 acres of unfavorably conditioned vegetation, and no onsite residents. Prior to the early 1960’s, Helen Keller landfill was a sand and gravel excavation operation, but soon began to incorporate the disposal of waste material for about a decade. After the landfill received numerous inspections and notices between 1971 and 1977, the owner Helen Kramer was informed to cease operation of the landfill. As New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection reports indicated and area residents stated, “sporadic chemical
The town did not have a mayor, not even a city council. The purpose of the landfill was to bury the large amount of contaminated the soil with toxic Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), a class of chemicals so toxic that Congress banned production later. The whole story began in 1973 when Ward PCB Transformers Company dumped more than 30,000 gallons of PCB-contaminated oil on the side of state roads in 14 North Carolina counties. The trucker, who was responsible for taking the oil to a facility to be recycled, disposed of it discreetly and illegally. The person in charge of the company and the trucker was sent to jail for a short time for their negligence on the matter. Contaminants left in the truck and factory was detoxified. However, the area around the factory as well as the lakes and rivers close to the road had been polluted. As a result, more than 60,000 tons of oils were polluted with toxic PCB.
One of the main companies that add to the waste is the Koch brothers owning a major oil barons. These brothers use of Detroit for a dumping spot like someone trying get rid of some old furniture but, they are leaving behind a mess and affecting people while they are doing it. The people call it a black mountain, which is petroleum coke that discharges more than 50% carbon dioxide than coal. Which these brothers are denying any effect on the climate change. The government let these major companies do pretty much whatever they want as long the companies can pay the government at the end of the day. With Detroit having one the largest motor industry in the country they are at a risk if the people let these companies do whatever they want to their communities.
The need for water in all of society is of the upmost importance in order for humankind to survive. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) states that the Earth’s surface is made up of about 70% water and only 3.5% of the water is fresh water suitable to consume
Name Amanda Kranning (SCI201 -1504A -07) Unit 4 Individual Project Instructor’s Name Trena Woolridge Date October 31, 2015 Municipal solid wastes are leftovers made by the population such as food, plastic bottles, household wares and many more. These items referred by most as “the garage” or “trash”. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2015) In the early 1900’s, incinerators were used to burn waste however by the Mid-20th century, lawmakers enacted the first government regulations in an attempt to address increasing concerns about the environmental impact of unregulated waste management practices. With the first waste management legislation being passed in 1965, brought along the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency in 1970, thus bringing us into a new world of waste management.(Vault, n.d.)
Nevada Description Nevada was admitted into the United States in 1864. The primary geographical landmark of this state is the Great Basin Desert national park, causing over 80 percent of Nevada's land to be owned and managed by the federal government. Nevada borders five states and is one of the states that connects to from the "Four Corners." Nevada also has the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the Rocky Mountains as its major landmarks. Most of the population resides in two regions, Washoe County and Clark County. These two counties are separated by 450 miles.
In the academic journal written by Ronald A. MacGillivray the purpose was to find out information about the Delaware River and how polluted it is. The research was done over a four-year period to find out if lethal toxins were coming out of tributaries (MacGillivrary et al., 2011). The research was done by a sampling procedure. The researchers would go out into the field and collect samples on a weekly basis depending on the weather to see how the toxic levels in the river were from 16 different locations (MacGillivrary et al., 2011). At the end of the four years that the research was taken the results were conclusive that the tributaries that led into the Delaware River were found to be at normal toxic water level rates (MacGillivrary et al., 2011). The pollution levels found were normal with a few exceptions depending on the water content of the day (MacGillivrary et al., 2011).
OTHER BUSINESS: Commissioner Everett referred to the last Commissioner’s meeting discussion regarding Harcatus Tri County Community Action’s request for the use of three parking spaces in the Fair Avenue parking lot. Commissioner Everett has spoken with Jane Clay, Executive Assistant/Park Coordinator and Ms. Clay believes the parking lot is probably full. Commissioner Everett said the county needs to resolve the issue of the four spaces formerly used by Tischbein State Farm before they can proceed with the request from Harcatus. Commissioner Everett asked if there is a list of county employees that park in the Fair Avenue lot. Commissioner Abbuhl said the county employees have a choice of which lot (Fair or Front Ave.) they park in. There are not assigned spots for county employees, but Ms. Clay said there are several spots assigned for county departmental use. Commissioner Everett would like an inventory of how many spaces the county has in both lots and how many spaces are used by county
Rachael Radvansky Book Review History 210 Thomas Dublin and Walter Licht. 2005. The Face of Decline: The Pennsylvania Anthracite Region in the Twentieth Century. Cornell University Press.
The Bible claims that this beautiful planet, mother Earth, was created for Adam and Eve and their descendants. In the past decade, our once seemingly healthy planet has taken a serious toll in regards to the many aspects of the environment. We as humans, have lacked the better judgment to nurture and protect our beloved planet, leaving it in the paths of destruction and grievances on a global scale. Although it all appears to be seemingly pleasant and well, the world is drastically affected by the issue of sustainability. For the past several decades, the state of Montana has been challenged with the daunting task of preservation. On the surface, Montana is filled with green scenes and nature, seemingly environmentally-friendly and clean, but
In the spring of 2016, an environmental movement began in North Dakota that today, is making history. In Cannonball, North Dakota, Native Americans have gathered to protest the Dakota Access Pipeline; resulting in one the largest gatherings of Native Americans from multiple tribes the United States has witnessed in over a century (Northcott, 2016). One tribe in particular, the North Dakota Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, have been leading and organizing the protest against the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. The Standing Rock reservation is located in the Sioux and Ziebach counties within the North Dakota and South Dakota border; the Sioux people are the primary tribe of the area. According to Trymaine Lee of MSNBC, the counties are a part of the top 10 poorest counties in the country, and that it has a history with water distresses. In the early 1960s, five dams located at Lake Oahe in Standing Rock gave way and flooded 200,000+ acres, destroying nearly all natural resources and wildlife at the river bottom, as well as destroying towns within the reservation and sacred ancestral lands and sites. This was a devastating tragedy for the people of Standing Rock, and it seems that history is repeating itself with the proposed construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. The pipeline poses many hazardous threats, and these threats outweigh any economic benefit the proponents may promise. It threatens the environment, water supplies, historical land, and only adds to the
Following the release of an estimated 6.7 million pounds of toxic chemicals into the River in 2010 by DuPont Chambers Works in Salem County, a spokeswoman for the company stated that most of their remaining releases are nitrates, the product of a treatment process breaking down waste ammonia. Increasingly though, the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) has taken steps to implement and enforce standards while the Clean Water Act has further assisted in putting in place water pollution control efforts. Today, according the DRBC, “the clean-up of the Delaware is hailed as one of the world’s top water quality success stories.” Now fish populations in the River are supported year-round along with bald eagles, which hunt these fish as their primary food
The industry or corporations has the authority over the Navajo Reservation, their goal is to extract natural resources to meet energy demand of the state. There are Acts that exempt fracking, but it is enforced only to benefit the fracking companies. However, the tribal government supplies low-cost water to local coal mines and coal-fired power plants which tens of thousands of acre-feet of water each year is going to extractive industries and for power plant cooling towers.
Summit State is a public university that serves 18,500 students, and is located in a suburb of a metropolitan city. Its mission is to “prepare productive citizens, serving the local community, and promoting economic development…providing access to special student populations including minorities and non-traditional students.” Summit has seven academic colleges, and 60 percent its operating budget comes from state allocations. The former president encouraged Summit departments to have an entrepreneurial spirit with competition from other colleges in the area.
Having been born to Laura Guse and Thomas Ward, in Cottonwood, Idaho, who were the ones who cared for me until Thomas died, Life was full of many disappointments, both from others as well as towards others from me. Life has been very turbulent but, disappointments are a huge part of growth and this is why change happens constantly around the world. Mine is just a small part of this enormous amount of change that happens every day