Case Study – Drug Use. The Social Cognitive Theory Says

1039 WordsApr 11, 20175 Pages
Case Study – Drug Use The social cognitive theory says that a person’s behavior is determined by personal cognitive factors, behavioral factors, and socioenvironmental factors. In this drug use case study, Laurens behavior can be applied to the three components of the social cognitive theory. The first component of the social cognitive theory is personal cognitive factors. Personal cognitive factors are the ability to choose and self-regulate a behavior. Under the ability to choose and self-regulate a behavior, an individual has confidence to engage in behavior, otherwise known as self-efficacy, the ability to predict the outcomes of the behavior, and understanding the behavior. Personal cognitive factors contain multiple components of its…show more content…
Lauren had experienced vicarious experiences through unknown persons because she came to school expecting to party. The third component of personal cognitive factors is social persuasion. Social persuasion includes verbal and non-verbal influence of others intended to increase self-efficacy. Laurens school counselors are attempting to increase her self-efficacy by recommending rehab. The school counselors are giving Lauren verbal influence to help herself so she can make better future decisions. The final component is physiological or affective states. Physiological states include heart rate, breathing, pain, or instability. Affective states include the positivity or negativity. Lauren has experienced instability and emotional negativity due to having to move out of the dorms. Since moving out of the dorms, Lauren has experienced emotional taxation because of the additional dependence that comes with living off campus. All the components of the personal cognitive factors lead to Laurens self-efficacy and future behaviors, cognitions, and affect. The second part of the social cognitive theory is socioenvironmental factors. Socioenvironmental factors include observational learning, normative beliefs, social support, and barriers and opportunities. Observational learning includes modeling which is influenced by the importance of the role model and the similarity of the role model. Laurens

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