Case Study : Industry Self Regulation Without Sanctions : The Chemical Industry 's Responsible Care Program

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Self-Regulatory Arrangements: Exploring the Power of Business in Self-Regulatory Regimes Luis A. Santiago-Gaetan University of Massachusetts-Amherst Case Studies Case Study #1: Industry Self-Regulation Without Sanctions: The Chemical Industry’s Responsible Care Program (King and Lenox, 2000) According to the study, the creators of the Responsible Care Program claim that it was created to "promote continuous improvement in member company environmental, health and safety performance in response to public concerns, and to assist members ' demonstration of their improvements to critical public audiences" (King and Lenox, 2000). It is also documented in the study that the authors claim that the Responsible Care Program was created in October 1989 (King and Lenox, 2000). Actually, during the conducting of this study, the researcher found discrepancies with that timeline. According to official documents from the American Chemistry Council, formerly known as the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA), the Responsive Care Initiative was enacted and launched in Canada in 1985 by the Chemistry Industry Association of Canada (ACC, 2013). Additionally, later in 1988 was adopted by the American Chemistry Council, which back then was CMA, since then, the Responsible Care Program Guiding Principles have been revised many times (ACC, 201). During the 1980’s and more specific the during the period when the Responsible Care Initiative was enacted in 1985, the chemical industry as a
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