Case Study Of Lipoprotein

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NONCONVENTIONAL RISK MARKER C-Reactive Protein (CRP) One of the best-studied biomarker of inflammation process is the acute-phase reactant CRP. Some studies found that cells within human coronary arteries can also elaborate CRP. Many trial showed that CRP, predicts risk of cerebrovascular, CAD, peripheral arterial disease among apparently healthy persons, even if LDL cholesterol levels are not high.38 individuals with high CRP levels and low levels of LDL-C actually have higher absolute vascular risk than those with high levels of LDL-C but low levels of CRP.39 Diet, smoking cessation and exercise are the first-line interventions for those with elevated CRP. The use of statin therapy to reduce vascular risk among individuals with high…show more content…
Elevated NLR, is a strong predictor of stable coronary artery disease (CAD), its development, progression and mortality.52,53,54,55 The predictive superiority of NLR may be due to the fact that NLR is a ratio integrating the deleterious effects of Ns, which are responsible for innate immunity and lymphopenia, which is a marker of poor general condition.56 Coronary artery anatomy: Left Main Coronary Artery The left main coronary artery (LMCA) arises from the left aortic coronary sinus ranging in diameter from 3 to 6 mm and up to 10 to 15 mm length. It courses behind the right ventricular outflow tract and usually bifurcates into the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and left circumflex (LCx) branches. Rarely, the LMCA artery is absent, and the LAD and LCx arteries arises from separate ostia. In some patients, the LMCA trifurcates into the LAD, LCx and the ramus intermedius which arises between the LAD and the LCx arteries. Left Anterior Descending Artery The left anterior descending (LAD) artery passes along the surface of interventricular groove anteriorly toward the cardiac apex. It gives several septal perforators and diagonal branches. Most patients have one to three diagonal branches. In most patients the LAD rounds along the left ventricular apex and ends at the diaphragmatic surface of the left ventricle.
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