Case Study Of Pneumonia And Chronic Pulmonary Disease

2419 WordsJul 19, 201610 Pages
Case Study for Pneumonia Our nose and airway filters germs out of the air that we breathe in order to prevent our lungs from becoming infected. However, when germs does enters our lungs, it may cause infections such as Pneumonia which inflames the air sacs of the lungs, which can range from mild case to severe cases. The air sac may be filled with fluid or pus causing cough that associates with phlegm, fever, chills and difficulty breathing. The causes of pneumonia are extrinsic and intrinsic. The extrinsic factors include exposure to pulmonary irritants or pulmonary injury such as those who works in construction or agriculture. Inhaling dusk, chemicals and air pollution or toxic fumes can damage your lungs and make them more vulnerable for infection. Intrinsic factors are related to the host such as stroke, endotracheal intubation, diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease, human immunodeficiency or emphysema. Smoking and alcohol abuse could also be a factor because it damages the cilia in the lungs that help remove bacteria and germs. Alcohol abuse can put you at risk of aspiration pneumonia especially when you vomit and the small particles enter your lungs. In addition, alcohol interferes with the white blood cell production which us responsible in fighting infection in our body. Types of Pneumonia and Risk Factors There are several types pneumonia and each are named on how an individual is infected or for the germs that causes it. However, in this case study, the focus
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