Case Study: Umbilical Hernia

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Case study: umbilical hernia Introduction Hernia repair is a surgical procedure performed to repair a hernia, which occurs when tissues or organs protrude through the wall in which they are contained. There are different types of hernias that can occur and these include inguinal hernia, hiatal hernia, and umbilical hernia the aim of this case study. This case study is done on a single patient however the procedures for repairing hernia are common on all patients in general. According to Ministry of health (2014), 104 cases, 65 of them female were admitted complaining of Umbilical hernia. Umbilical hernia count for 10% of abdominal wall hernias. (1) In the following lines, I will discuss a case of a patient who had umbilical hernia at Al-salmaniya…show more content…
Most (9 of 10) umbilical hernias in adults are acquired. This means that increased pressure near the umbilicus causes the umbilical hernia to bulge out. “The most common symptoms are: ● Bulge in the abdominal area that often increases with coughing or straining ● Pain or pressure at the hernia site ● increasing sharp abdominal pain and vomiting can mean that the hernia is strangulated. This is a surgical emergency and immediate treatment is needed. The type of operation depends on hernia size and location, and if it is a repeat hernia (recurrence). Your health, age, and the surgeon’s expertise are also important. An operation is the only treatment for a hernia repair. Your hernia can be repaired either as an open or laparoscopic approach. The repair can be done by using sutures only or adding a piece of mesh. Ten percent of all hernias in adults are umbilical.2 Umbilical hernias can suddenly bulge out. They occur more often in adults over 60 years when the muscles start to weaken.5 Some risk factors are: • Older age—muscles become weaker • Overweight and obesity—increased weight places pressure on abdominal muscle • Chronic straining • Family history • Ascites: excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the abdomen and abdominal organs; may be due to alcoholism • Pregnancy, particularly multiple pregnancies.”
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