Case Study on Acute Gastroenteritis

2193 Words Sep 10th, 2012 9 Pages
Our Lady of Fatima University

Case Study on

ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS With SOME DEHYDRATION

BSN 3Y2-2 Group D Mrs. Carol San Diego, RN MAN Clinical Instructor

Ong, Christopher Allen C.
Petalbo, Annabelle R.
Rallos, Kimberly Michelle C.
Ramirez, Princess mae A.
Ramos, Ma. Dominique J.
Retardo, Jeralem A.

Reyes, Pee Jay A.
Rovero, Relly Andro L.
Rovira, Rachel B.
Sayson, Monica Rizza G.
Simbahon, Sara Jane A.
Sioco, Carmela B.

INTRODUCTION

Acute Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is a catch all term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine. It is frequently referred to as the stomach or intestinal flu, although the influenza virus is not associated with this illness.
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The Digestive Process:

The start of the process - the mouth:

The digestive process begins in the mouth. Food is partly broken down by the process of chewing and by the chemical action of salivary enzymes (these enzymes are produced by the salivary glands and break down starches into smaller molecules).

On the way to the stomach: the esophagus

- After being chewed and swallowed, the food enters the esophagus. The esophagus is a long tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach. It uses rhythmic, wave-like muscle movements (called peristalsis) to force food from the throat into the stomach. This muscle movement gives us the ability to eat or drink even when we're upside-down.

In the stomach

- The stomach is a large, sack-like organ that churns the food and bathes it in a very strong acid (gastric acid). Food in the stomach that is partly digested and mixed with stomach acids is called chyme.

In the small intestine

- After being in the stomach, food enters the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine. It then enters the jejunum and then the ileum (the final part of the small intestine). In the small intestine, bile (produced in the liver and stored in the gall bladder),pancreatic enzymes, and other digestive enzymes produced by the inner wall of the small intestine help in the breakdown of food.

In the large intestine

- After passing through the small intestine, food passes into the
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