Casual Comparative-Research

1671 Words Jan 17th, 2013 7 Pages
CHAPTER 12: CAUSAL-COMPARATIVE RESEARCH

CAUSAL AND COMPARATIVE RESEARCH: DEFINITION AND PURPOSE

-Causal-comparative research is sometimes treated as a type of descriptive research since it describes conditions that already exist.

• -Causal comparative research attempts to determine reasons, or causes, for the existing condition • -In causal-comparative or ,ex-post facto, research the researcher attempts to determine the cause, or reason, for preexisting differences in groups of individuals o -Such research is referred to as ex post facto (Latin for “after the fact”) since both the effect and the alleged cause have already occurred and must be studied in retrospect • -The basic causal-comparative approach
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• -This conclusion would not be warranted because it is not possible to establish whether self-concept precedes achievement or vice versa. • -Both the independent and dependent variables would have already occurred, it would not be possible to determine which came first.
-It would be possible that some third variable, such as parental attitude might be the main influence on self-concept and achievement. • -Caution must be exercised in attributing cause-effect relationships based on causal-comparative research. • -Only in experimental research is the degree of control sufficient to establish cause-effect relationships.
-Only in experimental research does the researcher randomly assign participants to treatment groups.
-In causal-comparative research the researcher cannot assign participants to treatment groups because they are already in those groups. • -Causal-comparative studies do permit investigation of variables that cannot or should not be investigated experimentally, facilitate decision making, provide guidance for experimental studies, and are less costly on all dimensions.

CONDUCTING A CAUSAL-COMPARATIVE STUDY

• -Although the independent variable is not manipulated, there are control procedures that can be exercised to improve